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Periodontal Disease and Treatment

Periodontal disease is one of the most common chronic diseases in the mouth. It involves the gums and the underlying bone. The bacteria in the dental plaque and their by products cause damage to the gums and bone. This infection under the gums with time can lead to severe disease and damage.

The result of this destruction is bone loss and loss of attachment of the gums to the teeth. The gums become loose, puffy, red and easily bleed. If your gums bleed easily with brushing it could be a sign of periodontal disease. Sometimes you can see brown or black spots on the teeth or under the gum line. This is called calculus.


Calculus is plaque that has not been cleaned for some time and gets hardened and discolored. Plaque and calculus must be professionally removed every 6 months to avoid gingivitis and periodontal disease.

Good oral hygiene habits such as brushing and flossing is the key to prevent periodontal disease. There is a direct link between periodontal disease and many serious medical conditions such as heart disease and diabetes.

Treatment in Las Vegas

To evaluate your dentition and to check for periodontal disease visit us at Las Vegas Preferred Family Dentistry. Dr. Jafarifar will evaluate your gums and make necessary measurements to assess the damage to the gums and bone. If you are diagnosed with periodontal disease you will be given all necessary information that you need to control this disease.

Periodontal disease is categorized based on the severity of the damage and is classified into class I, II, III, IV.

Remember there is no cure for periodontal disease but you can keep this disease in remission and maintain or improve the damage to the gums and bone. Periodontal disease usually runs in the family since the bacteria can be spread from one individual to another.

The treatment for periodontal disease involves removing all the soft, hard plaque and infection from around the teeth and their roots, under the gums. This procedure is known as scaling and root planing (SRP). This may take more than one appointment based on the severity of your condition.

cleaning-teethA combination of ultrasonic devices and hand scalers will be used to accomplish this. You may also be anesthetized to make you more comfortable during the procedure. Irrigation with an anti microbial medication can be incorporated at this time. After the initial complete treatment you will be placed on a periodontal maintenance schedule to clean your dentition every 3 months.

This is vey important to follow in order to keep this condition from progressing. Another important factor is home care. You will be given the appropriate instructions to clean your teeth properly at home to help your condition.

In severe cases of periodontal disease you may be referred to a specialist or periodontist for more treatment such as laser or possible surgery. If periodontal disease goes untreated the final result will be loss of all teeth due to insufficient bone support. Teeth will eventually get loose and will need to be extracted.