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Scaling and Root Planing

Scaling and root planing is performed by Dr. Jafarifar at Las Vegas Preferred Family Dentistry to prevent and treat gingivitis and periodontal diseases. It is very important to perform regular check-ups for a early discovery of this diseases.


Gingivitis is a term used to describe puffy, inflamed, red and bleeding gums.
If your gums bleed when you brush it is a good indication that you have gingivitis. This condition is reversible with a professional cleaning and good oral hygiene habits. It is usually caused by poor oral hygiene.

Gingivitis can also be due to pregnancy, some medications or underlying medical conditions. Brushing 2-3 times a day and flossing 1-2 times a day will adequately remove the plaque from the surface of your teeth and prevent gingivitis. Flossing is the single most important tool that can prevent gingivitis and future periodontal disease.

Our hygienist will give you the proper instructions on how to floss and brush properly so you can get your gums healthy without doing further damage. Healthy gums are pink, hard and don’t bleed.

It is recommended to have your teeth cleaned every six months. Failure to do so can cause further damage to the gums and underlying bone. Untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontal disease.

Periodontal Disease

Periodontal disease is a common chronic condition which affects the gums and the underlying bone and tissues surrounding your teeth. Untreated gingivitis can lead to periodontal disease.

If the plaque is not removed regularly from our teeth with time it will become hard and removing it requires a professional cleaning, this hard plaque is called calculus. Calculus can build up under the gum line and eventually cause bone loss.

Since our teeth are being supported by bone and if the bone level starts dropping the teeth will get mobile. If this disease is left untreated the bone loss will continue to the point that the teeth will need to be removed (Extraction).

In this case bridges, implants or dentures may be needed to restore your dentition.

Severe cases of periodontal disease will be referred to a specialist (periodontist) and surgery may be necessary to prevent tooth loss.

Periodontal disease is an active bacterial infection that can also affect your overall health. This disease is directly linked to several health conditions such as diabetes and heart disease. So if you are also suffering from any of these health issues treating your periodontal disease will improve your health.

Periodontal disease is diagnosed by our dentist. Once you have been diagnosed with this condition you will need to be meticulous about treating it. Failure to do so will lead to eventual tooth loss.

Some of the signs and symptoms of this disease are as follows:

  • Red, puffy, bleeding gums
  • Halitosis (bad breath)
  • Visible tartar buildup around the teeth and close to the gums
  • Mobility of one or several teeth
  • In severe cases tooth and gum pain

Scaling and Root Planing Las Vegas

On your first appointment with us you will be examined thoroughly by Dr. Jafarifar. She will first examine your X-rays and then she will do a complete visual exam.

During this examination Dr. J will measure the amount of bone loss. This will determine the severity of your condition. Periodontal disease is a progressive, chronic condition and can be classified according to the amount of tissue damage, tartar buildup, infection (pus), mobility of teeth, etc.

This condition can affect just a few or all of your teeth. Dr. Jafarifar usually anesthetizes the section of your mouth that is affected to get you comfortable. A series of instruments will be used to reach and clean the infected areas under the gums.

Once all infection and tartar is removed the area will be irrigated. You will be given oral hygiene instructions to follow at home. You must follow these instructions in order to get your periodontal disease under control.

After the initial treatment is completed on the entire dentition (depending on the severity of the disease a few appointments may be necessary to complete the treatment) your next appointment will be a one month follow up. During this appointment Dr. Jafarifar will examine the treated areas for improvement and will also do a general cleaning.

It is extremely important to continue maintaining this condition and that is why your follow up appointments will be every 3 months to keep this disease under control. Failure to do so will lead to progression of disease and eventual tooth loss.

Keep in mind that periodontal disease is a chronic issue and there is no cure for it. Treatment is necessary to stop the progression of this disease and to improve the condition into a more stable healthy state. This disease is transferable and usually affects the whole family so it is important to have everyone in the family examined by our dentist.

As a summary there are three important steps that you need to follow when you are dealing with periodontal disease:

  • Getting treated
  • Home care
  • Maintenance

If you would like to be examined by Dr. Jafarifar or get a second opinion please feel free to call our office in Las Vegas for an appointment.